Racquet Sports Injuries
Some sports injuries are more serious than others but rest assured if you do suffer an injury we have the knowledge and experience to help.
Common racquet sports injuries:
Tennis elbow is caused by a strain to tendons in the forearm. The tendons become inflamed where they join the bony part on the outside of your elbow joint. Any activity that involves gripping and twisting of the forearm can cause this type of strain
The wrist contains many small joints and ligaments and has a cartilage structure which can be injured.
Rotator cuff impingement
This occurs when there is insufficient space in the shoulder region for the soft tissues. This may be due to localised swelling or thickening, or may be a consequence of forcing the joint or repeated biomechanical issues.
A sprained ankle occurs when there is soft tissue damage to the ligaments in the ankle joint. Around 70-85% of ankle sprains are ‘inversion’ sprains.
This occurs when you roll the ankle outward and the sole of the foot faces in and up. This can happen when landing awkwardly.
The calf is at the back of the lower leg and is made up of two key muscles which enable players to push off and run. Like other muscles, the calf can be torn and strained when stretched beyond its limits.
This is where a tear occurs in the quadriceps group of muscles found on the front of the thigh that are responsible for straightening the leg..
The hamstrings are a group of four muscles found at the back of the thigh. These muscles bend the knee. When they are overstretched the muscle fibres can tear leading to a strain. These muscles tend to tear during explosive or rapid movements.
This is a strain of the adductor muscles on the inside of the thigh and occurs when they are stretched beyond their limits and the muscle tissue tears. This can happen when players are stretching or side-stepping.
Knee pain is usually due to the highly repetitive motion of the knee.
Excessive sideways motion of the knee can accentuate the forces going through the knee and lead to inflammation or wear and tear on the various structures around the knee.
There are two meniscus (a type of cartilage) in the knee. Kidney shaped, they provide a cushion between the upper and lower leg bones and can be pinched and torn under pressure. This tends to happen during twisting movements.
There are many different types of meniscal tear, including a ‘bucket handle’, ‘radial’, ‘parrot beak’ and ‘horizontal cleavage’ tear. Each tear will alter the biomechanics of the knee and therefore can cause irritation, swelling and pain.
Lower back pain
This is common when over extending or lunging. Compression of the discs of the spine or excessive strain on muscles and ligaments which over time can lead to pain.
It is also worth noting that the main cause of back pain may be the many other lifestyle activities such as prolonged sitting at work or heavy lifting.
The pain itself can sometimes spread from the back to the buttocks, and along the leg.
Often called Achilles tendonitis, this is characterised by pain in the Achilles tendon which runs down the back of the leg from the calf to the heel, and can develop inflammation and other problems through overuse.